Updated by Sheryl on Nov 23, 2021
Have you ever watched your dog run a race with his canine friend in a park? Have you noticed that some dog breeds run really fast?
You may feel that your dog is lazy or doesn't like to run but how fast a dog can run solely depends on his body structure and breed. Dogs that run faster have striking differences in their body parts, physique and even internal organs.
Most small-slow-slug dogs like Corgi, Pug, Poodle are not blessed with long legs, while sighthound dogs like Greyhound, Saluki, Vizsla, Whippet are designed to run fast. Their lean body, long legs, narrow waist, everything supports their body to drive forward.
An average dog can run about 15 to 20 miles per hour for short distances without any training. Their speed and distance covered will depend on their body composition and breed.
For example, dogs like sighthounds have long legs, oversized lungs, and hearts. They can breathe more oxygen and pump blood faster to keep up with the race. They can run at a speed of 25 to 45 miles per hour. Another example is collies; they have small body mass and long stride, which allows them to move faster than their counterparts of the same size.
On the contrary, small dogs with short legs like Poodle, Shih Tzus, and giant dog breeds like St. Bernards run much slower because of one's shorter strides and the other's body mass. Other dogs run slow because they either don't have a strong respiratory system or aren't that athletic by nature.
But most dogs can only run fast for shorter distances. The dog breed which runs the longest distance are Siberian Husky and the Alaskan Malamute. They have a strong cardiovascular system. They can run at a speed of 10 to 15 miles per hour and maintain their running pace for hours.
If you ever wonder how fast can a dog compare to humans? Well, the fastest man on record is Usain Bolt, who is able to run 27.5 mph. For the rest of us, it's somewhere between 10 to 15 mph when running at a fast pace.
Whereas the fastest dog speed on the planet is 45 mph. However, these fast-running dogs have a short running sprint. It means they can only run at their highest speeds for shorter distances. A dog with full stamina can run a mile in five to six minutes and sometimes even less.
Then there are slow dogs who are significantly slow compared to their leggy counterparts. The slowest dog breed in the world at only 6 miles per hour is Shih Tzu. Therefore, the running speed of the dogs greatly varies from breed to breed. It depends on their anatomy.
Qualities of fast running dogs that are common in these breeds are- a deep chest, lean physique, and comparably long legs.
Some dogs run exceptionally slow when compared to leggy dogs. Although, there are obvious reasons and differences in body composition some are naturally not sporty.
How fast can a dog run depends on its body structure and the breed. However, all dogs share the following morphological similarities that make them good runners.
Dogs flex their spine to attain maximum overreach. In addition, they have strong abdominal muscles and loins, which creates the potential force to drive forward.
Dogs have feet with great grip and sensation, allowing them to feel the ground. And they have nails for better traction. It highly improves their turning ability and balances while running.
Dogs run in the double-suspension gallop, which maximizes their stride length and speed.
Dogs that run fast have an oversized heart that pumps blood as much as needed to keep up with the race. They have larger lungs and nostrils which help them breathe more oxygen and run at even faster speeds.
Running with your dog is a fun way to do exercise together. Some owners want their dogs to run to be able to go on exploring the world together. And besides, every dog breed, regardless of its size, shape and gender, should be active to remain fit and healthy.
By reward, we don't necessarily mean snacks. It can be his favourite toy or stuff he loves. Bring it with you and make sure you are carrying this stuff. He will start following you everywhere. Remember, dogs don't understand what they are doing. They do things that make you happy and make them feel accomplished. So, reward him with his favourite thing.
When you are making your dog do something, praise him, be his cheerleader. Get down on his level, cheer him, give him treats and rub his favourite spots. Give a look and feel that he understands he has done a great thing that has made you proud. He will be anxious to perform it again.
When you are teaching your dog something new, keep the lessons short and on point. If it's too long, he might forget what the training was all about. Suppose you are making him do a speed trial. He should realise that it's not his usual walk in the park. But it should never be a long, exhausting training.
Whatever you do, your dog wants to follow you. It's the same for running. Run with your dog, be involved in the exercise, give him treats and enjoy the running together. And try this best dog running leash, you will love it.