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Blood in Dog Urine - 8 Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Updated by Amy Granger on Dec 3, 2021

Hematuria is a disease that has affected several breeds of dogs over the past years. A clear indication of the condition is your dog peeing blood but still acting normal. In younger dogs, it is usually an inherited problem that runs through their breeds, while for the older pets, it can be because they have inflicted cancer. As for gender, the female species are more vulnerable to it than the male as urinary infections may cause blood in the urine.

dog with parents
  • What Are the Early Symptoms?
  • 8 Causes of Blood in Dog Urine
  • What Do I Do If My Dog Urinating Blood?
  • How to Diagnos Hematuria in Dogs?
  • How to Prevent Hematuria?
  • People Also Ask

Here is a summary of the initial symptoms that may be visible when your dog is affected by hematuria.

  • The most significant indication of hematuria is the presence of blood in the patient's urine. The color of the urine turns red; in some instances, it might not be as sharp as blood but may only have a red shade.
  • An enlarged and itchy prostate gland is also an indication in male dogs.
  • Some patients may show bruises, mainly around the abdomen; these discolored spots are usually purplish and raised patches.
  • Your pet might also experience abdominal pain.
  • In case the patient has (or had) cancer, a mass may be felt around the gland region, which may cause pain upon touch.
dog abdominal pain

There can be several causes that may lead to Hematuria; it isn't a disease that shows signs instantly. Experts suggest it takes around three weeks for the illness to mature, so if you can trace any of the causes in the early phase, we can save your pet from the pain. Here is a list of 8 most common causes behind Hematuria.

  1. Coagulopathy refers to a disarrangement of hemostasis that causes excessive bleeding and blood clotting in various patches, so if you see some discolored patches on your pet's body, take them to the doctor for surety.
  2. Thrombocytopenia- a condition in which a low number of platelets available leads to irregular blood flow patterns and clotting. The early signs are indicated by a bleeding nose that won't stop or bleeding gums.
  3. Kidney stones may lead to internal bleeding that leads to hematuria. You can trace them if your pet has a fever with abdominal pain.
  4. Inflammatory disease in the kidney may disrupt the familiar sensation of the urinary tract; thus, the dog might be peeing blood but still act normal.
  5. Structural or anatomic issues in the lower urinary tract can also be a probable cause, as malformation may lead to internal bleeding. It may cause purplish patches around the glands; look out for them.
  6. Idiopathic causes are also common reasons behind the disease. It refers to unknown problems in the kidney that lead to blood in the dog's urine. The usual causes of the condition are a weak immune system and over medications.
  7. Bladder infection is one of the common causes behind blood in urine precisely; skin allergies and hormone incontinence cause it.
  8. Kidney Cancer is rare in dogs, but if your dog has contracted such cancer, it can be a significant reason behind your dog peeing blood but acting normal. It comes with pain in the prostate glands and urinary difficulties.
listless dog

Hematuria is a severe disease and should not be taken lightly. As soon as you first see your dog's blood while peeing, please take it to the veterinarian. You need to make sure that the specialist is well aware of your dog's history and the present conditions they live in. Here is a four-point checklist to ensure that your dog is diagnosed correctly.

  • Provide a history of your dog's medical background that tells about inherited condition, and ensure that you reveal any incident or event that you think could have caused the problem.
  • Your veterinarian would need a chemical blood test, complete blood count (to trace platelets), and urinalysis. For male dogs, an ejaculation count would also be required to achieve accurate results.
  • There might be several diagnoses for urine, including the standard strip test to ensure the nature of the disease and other vital information.
  • You need to make sure that your specialist is well aware of the recent diet that your dog is following. As stated above, improper diets can lead to idiopathic infections, so it's crucial information that shouldn't be ignored.

Once all these results are out, your veterinarian might be able to conclude whether hematuria has hit your dog; even if that's a yes, you don't need to be worried. Hematuria is treatable, and if you follow the proper steps, your pet shall be out of the pain sooner than you think.

Hematuria can have many different causes, and it's not just limited to the eight we have mentioned above, each of the reasons may have different treatments. Once your veterinarian has run those tests, they'll be sure what the next step is. Experts suggest that if the cause of the disease is cancer, surgery is the only viable option. However, if it's anything lesser than that, then your dog can be cured using the right antibiotics and anti-inflammatory tablets.

The best home remedy you can try is to ensure that you give them a diet confirmed by a dietitian. If the disease was due to excessive steroids in the glands, you might need to skip some medicines as they might worsen the condition. Precisely, the best way you can help your pet through the pain is by being patient and strong. It is generally a tough time; you need to let the specialists do their job while you stick through the manual they provide.

Well, as they say, you won't need to cure it if you can prevent it. The simplest remedy to any disease is to know how to avoid it. Here are three basic steps that you can use to protect your best friend from hematuria.

  • Take them for regular veterinary check ups- fix an interval to ensure that you don't miss it.
  • Ask your veterinarian to check whether your dog has had urinary problems in the past- if yes, make urinary checkups a routine to ensure that your partner stays happy.
  • Monitor your dog's urinary habits at home; check if they have irregular time patterns or have difficulty in peeing.

By ensuring these measures, you can prevent your dog from any suffering. Although Hematuria is curable, it is better to protect your pet from it. Follow the measures mentioned above and if you notice any of the symptoms, rush them to the hospital within 24 hours. Best of Luck!

healthy dog
How much time would it take my pet to recover from Hematuria?
The period depends on the intensity of the disease; if your dog had a mild condition, then with the correct dosage, it could recover within 24-48 hours. However, if the disease has intense symptoms, recovery can take up to a week.
Can lack of water be a cause of Hematuria?
According to experts, dehydration can't cause Hematuria on itself; however, it may lead to kidney stones, which is a common cause behind the disease.
How do I identify which medicine is behind Idiopathic causes?
Considering that Hematuria may occur due to excessive steroids, you need to ensure that your dog isn't taking any medicine with artificial proteins. The best idea is to ask your veterinarian before you skip or select a drug.
Amy Granger
Amy is an editor from iPetor, owns a 4-year experience in writing tips and tutorial for users. As a pet owner, she will share more pets care methods and recommend more useful products for all pet owners.
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